Steve O'Neill, CFA - Portfolio Manager, RiverNorth
Chris Lakumb, CFA – Investor Relations, RiverNorth
Opinions and estimates offered constitute our judgment and are subject to change without notice, as are statements of financial market trends, which are based on current market conditions. We believe the information provided here is reliable, but do not warrant its accuracy or completeness. This material is not intended as an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument. The views and strategies described may not be suitable for all investors. This information is provided for informational purposes only and should not be considered tax, legal, or investment advice. References to specific securities, asset classes, and financial markets are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to be, and should not be interpreted as, recommendations. Opinions referenced are as of the day presented and are subject to change due to changes in the market, economic conditions, or changes in the legal and/or regulatory environment and may not necessarily come to pass.
Standardized Performance as of 3.31.2023
RiverNorth Opportunities Fund, Inc.
RiverNorth Opportunities Fund, Inc.
RiverNorth/Oaktree High Income Fund
RiverNorth/Oaktree High Income Fund
Performance data quoted represents past performance, which is not a guarantee of future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance quoted. The principal value and investment return of an investment will fluctuate so that your shares may be worth more or less than their original cost. You can obtain performance data current to the most recent month end by calling 844.569.4750 for RiverNorth Closed-end Funds or 888.848.7569 for RiverNorth Mutual Funds. Total return measures net investment income and capital gain or loss from portfolio investments. All performance shown assumes reinvestment of dividends and capital gains distributions.
Net Asset Value is the net value of an investment fund's assets less its liabilities, divided by the number of shares outstanding.
The price at which a closed-end fund trades often varies from its NAV. Some funds have market prices below their net asset values - referred to as a discount. Conversely,
some funds have market prices above their net asset values - referred to as a premium.
Basis points (BPS) refers to a common unit of measure for interest rates and other percentages in finance. One basis point is equal to 1/100th of 1%, or 0.01%, or 0.0001,
and is used to denote the percentage change in a financial instrument.
The Bloomberg US Aggregate Bond Index is an unmanaged index of investment-grade fixed-rate debt issues with maturities of at least one year. The index cannot be invested in directly and does not reflect fees and expenses.
The Bloomberg US Corporate High Yield Index is an unmanaged, U.S. dollar– denominated, nonconvertible, non-investment-grade debt index.
Rights offering refers to a group of rights offered to existing shareholders to purchase additional stock shares, known as subscription warrants, in proportion to their existing
Investment Company (ICD) are non-equity securities. Notes typically obligate issuers to repay creditor the principal loan, in addition to any interest payments, at a
A Business Development Company (BDC) is an organization that invests in small- and medium-sized companies as well as distressed companies. A BDC helps the small and medium-sized firms grow in the initial stages of their development.
Special Purpose Acquisition Company (SPAC) is a company with no commercial operations that is formed strictly to raise capital through an initial public offering (IPO) for the purpose of acquiring an existing company.
Duration is a measure of the sensitivity of the price of a bond or other debt instrument to a change in interest rates. Duration is non-linear and accelerates as time to
An unsecured bond is a debt security, issued by a government or large company, that is not backed by any assets or collateral, but rather by the issuer's general creditworthiness.
Investment grade refers to the quality of a company's credit. To be considered an investment grade issue, the company must be rated at 'BBB' or higher by Standard and Poor's or Moody's.
Ratings discussed are given by one of the following national rating agencies: S&P, Moody's or Fitch. Additional information about ratings can be found, respectively, at www.standardandpoors.com, www.moodys.com and www.fitchratings.com. Credit ratings are subject to change. AAA, AA, A, and BBB are investment grade ratings categories used by S&P and Fitch; BB, B, CCC/CC/C and D are below investment grade ratings categories used by S&P and Fitch. Aaa, Aa, A and Baa are investment grade ratings categories used by Moody's; Ba, B, Caa/Ca and C are below investment grade ratings categories used by Moody's. Bonds backed by U.S. Government or agency securities are given an implied rating equal to the rating of such securities. Holdings designated Not Publicly Rated are not rated by these national rating agencies.
The BofA Merrill Lynch Developed Markets High Yield Constrained Index contains all securities in the BofA Merrill Lynch Global High Yield index from developed markets countries but cap issuer exposure at 2%. Developed markets is defined as an FX-G10 member, a Western European nation, or a territory of the U.S. or a Western European nation. The index tracks the performance of USD, CAD, GBP and EUR denominated below investment grade corporate debt publicly issued in the major domestic or Eurobond
markets. Qualifying securities must have a below investment grade rating (based on an average of Moody's, S&P and Fitch). The index cannot be invested in directly and
does not reflect fees and expenses.
CS Leveraged Loan Index tracks the investable market of the U.S. dollar denominated leveraged loan market. It consists of issues rated "5B" or lower, meaning that the highest rated issues included in this index are Moody's/S&P ratings of Baa1/BB+ or Ba1/BBB+. All loans are funded term loans with a tenor of at least one year and are made by issuers domiciled in developed countries. The index cannot be invested in directly and does not reflect fees and expenses.
High-yield bonds are bonds that pay higher interest rates because they have lower credit ratings than investment-grade bonds.
A bank loan is a debt financing obligation, issued by a bank or similar financial institution.
Risk Information: Risk Information: Detailed information regarding the risks associated with RiverNorth Closed-End Funds and RiverNorth Mutual Funds can be found in each Fund’s
RiverNorth Closed End Funds:
The price at which a closed-end fund trades often varies from its net asset value (NAV). Some funds have market prices below their NAVs - referred to as a discount. Conversely,
some funds have market prices above their NAVs - referred to as a premium. Investing involves risk. Principal loss is possible. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
Diversification does not ensure a profit or a guarantee against loss.
Risk is inherent in all investing. Investing in any investment company security involves risk, including the risk that you may receive little or no return on your investment or even that
you may lose part or all of your investment. Therefore, before investing in the Common Shares, you should consider the risks as well as the other information in the prospectus. Past
performance is no guarantee of future results. An investment in the Funds are not appropriate for all investors and is not intended to be a complete investment program. The Funds
are designed as long-term investments and not as a trading vehicles. The Funds are closed-end funds and do not continuously issue shares for sale as open-end mutual funds do.
Since the initial public offering, the Funds trade in the secondary market. Investors wishing to buy or sell shares need to place orders through an intermediary or broker. The share
price of a closed-end fund is based on the market’s value.
RiverNorth Credit and Income Fund, Inc. (RSF): The profitability of specialty finance and other financial companies is largely dependent upon the availability and cost of capital funds, and may fluctuate significantly in response to changes in interest rates, as well as changes in general economic conditions If the borrower of Alternative Credit (as defined below) in which the Fund invests is unable to make its payments on a loan, the Fund may be greatly limited in its ability to recover any outstanding principal and interest under such loan, as (among other reasons) the Fund may not have direct recourse against the borrower or may otherwise be limited in its ability to directly enforce its rights under the loan, whether
through the borrower or the platform through which such loan was originated, the loan may be unsecured or under collateralized, and/or it may be impracticable to commence a legal proceeding against the defaulting borrower. Substantially all of the Alternative Credit in which the Fund invests will not be guaranteed or insured by a third party. In addition, the Alternative Credit Instruments in which the Fund may invest will not be backed by any governmental authority. Prospective borrowers supply a variety of information regarding the purpose of the loan, income, occupation and employment status (as applicable) to the lending platforms. As a general matter, platforms do not verify the majority of this information,
which may be incomplete, inaccurate, false or misleading. Prospective borrowers may misrepresent any of the information they provide to the platforms, including their intentions for the use of the loan proceeds. Alternative Credit Instruments are generally not rated by the nationally recognized statistical rating organizations ("NRSROs"). Such unrated instruments, however, are considered to be comparable in quality to securities falling into any of the ratings categories used by such NRSROs to classify “junk” bonds (i.e., below investment grade
securities). Accordingly, the Fund's unrated Alternative Credit Instrument investments constitute highly risky and speculative investments similar to investments in “junk” bonds, notwithstanding that the Fund is not permitted to invest in loans that are of subprime quality at the time of investment. Although the Fund is not permitted to invest in loans that are of subprime quality at the time of investment, an investment in the Fund's Shares should be considered speculative and involving a high degree of risk, including the risk of loss of investment. There can be no assurance that payments due on underlying loans, including Alternative Credit, will be made.
RiverNorth Mutual Funds:
RiverNorth/Oaktree High Income Fund (RNHIX/RNOTX): Borrowing Risk - borrowings increase fund expenses and are subject to repayment, possibly at inopportune times. Closed-End Fund Risk - closed-end funds are exchange traded, may trade at a discount to their net asset values and may deploy leverage. Convertible Security Risk - the market value of convertible securities adjusts with interest rates and the value of the underlying stock. Credit Derivatives Risk - the use of credit derivatives is highly specialized, involves default, counterparty and liquidity risks and may not perfectly correlate to the underlying asset or liability being hedged. Currency Risk - foreign currencies will rise or decline relative to the
U.S. dollar. Derivatives Risk - derivatives are subject to counterparty risk. Distressed and Defaulted Securities Risk - defaulted securities carry the risk of uncertainty of repayment. Equity Risk - equity securities may experience volatility and the value of equity securities may move in opposite directions from each other and from other equity markets generally. Exchange Traded Note Risk - exchange traded notes represent unsecured debt of the issuer and may be influenced by interest rates, credit ratings of the issuer or changes in value of the reference index. Fixed Income Risk - the market value of fixed income securities adjusts with interest rates and the securities are subject to issuer default. Foreign/Emerging
Market Risk - foreign securities may be subject to inefficient or volatile markets, different regulatory regimes or different tax policies. These risks may be enhanced in emerging markets. Floating Interest Rate Risk - loans pay interest based on the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and a decline in LIBOR could negatively impact the Fund's return. Investment Style Risk - investment strategies may come in and out of favor with investors and may underperform or outperform at times. Large Shareholder Purchase and Redemption Risk - The Fund may experience adverse effects when certain large shareholders purchase or redeem large amounts of shares of the Fund. Liquidity Risk - illiquid investments may be difficult
or impossible to sell. Loans Risk - loans may be unrated or rated below investment grade and the pledged collateral may lose value. Secondary trading in loans is not fully developed and may result in illiquidity. Management Risk - there is no guarantee that the adviser's or sub-adviser's investment decisions will produce the desired results. Market Risk - economic conditions, interest rates and political events may affect the securities markets. Preferred Stock Risk - preferred stocks generally pay dividends, but may be less liquid than common stocks, have less priority than debt instruments and may be subject to redemption by the issuer. Security Risk - the value of the Fund may increase or decrease in response to the prospects of the issuers of securities and loans held in the Fund. Swap Risk - swap agreements are subject to counterparty default risk and may not perform as intended. Tax Risk - new federal or state governmental action could adversely affect the tax-exempt status of securities held by the Fund, resulting in higher tax liability for shareholders and potentially hurting Fund performance as well. Underlying Fund Risk - underlying funds have additional fees, may utilize leverage, may not correlate to an intended index and may trade at a discount to their net asset values. Valuation Risk - Loans and fixed-income securities are traded “over the counter” and because there is no centralized information regarding trading, the valuation of loans and fixed-income securities may vary.
Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses of RiverNorth's mutual funds (or Investment Companies) carefully before investing. To obtain a prospectus and most recent periodic reports containing this and other important information, please call 844.569.4750 for RiverNorth Closed-End Funds, or 888.848.7569 for RiverNorth Mutual Funds or visit rivernorth.com/literature. Please read the prospectus carefully before investing.
Open-end mutual funds are distributed by ALPS Distributors Inc., FINRA Member firm. RiverNorth is not affiliated with ALPS.
Marketing services provided by ALPS Distributors Inc.
NOT FDIC INSURED - NO BANK GUARANTEE - MAY LOSE VALUE
are registered trademarks of RiverNorth Capital Management, LLC.